The European Union (EU) implements control measures for the export, transit, brokerage, and technical assistance of dual-use items in accordance with international non-proliferation treaties and governmental commitments. As items are an important parameter in EU export control measures, the use and users of the items are equally important. EU exporters must provide all necessary information on the end user and end-use for export authorizations. The end-use statement (EUS) is a useful means for measuring risk factors that come from the recipient of the items. However, is this useful tool properly being used for its intended purpose? Common misunderstandings regarding the EUS will be given below in the light of Tradewin's experience.